Alexander Mikhailovich Potemkin


Alexander Mikhailovich
Potemkin (1790 – 1872)

The St. Petersburg Marshal of the nobility (1842-1854).

He participated in the battles against Napoleon and for their courage and bravery was awarded the order of St. Anne IV degree, a gold sword with the inscription "For bravery", the Prussian order of the Iron crown. At the end of the Napoleonic wars, he retired with the rank of Colonel.

In 1827 enters the civil service. Granted the rank of state Councilor (1843) and privy councillor (1853), he was elected leader of the St. Petersburg province nobility.

Potemkin was a Trustee of the St. Petersburg orphanage, an honorary Trustee of the St. Petersburg Board of Trustees, the Manager Obstetric institution, Trustee of the Loan office and Manager of the School the deaf, a full member of the Imperial Philanthropic society.

For excellence in service was awarded the Order of the White eagle (1856), the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky (1860), diamond pendants to the Order of Alexander Nevsky (1866), the Order of St. Vladimir I degree (1870).



A little bit about the relationship of A. M. Potemkin, and his Serene Highness Prince Grigory Potemkin – Tauride:

  • father Alexander Mikhailovich had Highness Prince 8-yurodnye nephew, and the Alexander 8-yurodnye great-nephew, the title had.
  • the mother of Alexander Mikhaylovich Tatyana Engelhard had G. A. Potemkin – Tauride own niece, her mother was the sister of the Illustrious Prince.

His serene Highness Prince Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin (1739-1791) had no children, so his princely title wasn't transferred.


T. B. Potemkina, nee Princess Galitzine
(1797 – 1869)

wife of A. M. Potemkin.

All my life T. B. Potemkina devoted to the cause of helping others and was known throughout Russia for its piety and wide charity. There was not a single charitable institution or charitable institution in which she would and would not take part in it.

Stay in the estate "Artek" Alexander and Tatiana Borisovny of Potemkin at various times from 1835 to 1838 and 1864 (last stop of bus number 2 of the Mountain", children's camp "Diamond", the Park of the complex of children's camps "Mountain" and the camp "Marine").


On 15 and 16 September (28 and 29 September n. V.) in 1837 the estate Artek was visited by the Royal family: Emperor Nicholas I and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, accompanied by a large retinue.


Nicholas I (1796 – 1855), the Russian Emperor, in 1825, the Honorary member Petersburg an (1826), son of Emperor Paul I.

Came to the throne after the death of his brother Emperor Alexander I Suppressed the Decembrist revolt. Under Nicholas I, was reinforced the centralization of the bureaucratic apparatus created by the Third branch, is composed the Complete collection of laws and Set of laws of the Russian Empire, introduced new censorship regulations (1826, 1828).

During the reign of Nicholas I of Russia participated in the war:

  • Russian-Persian - 1826-1828,
  • the Russo-Turkish 1828-1829,
  • Crimean 1853-1856 ended with the defeat of Russia.


The Grand Duke, Tsarevich Alexander Nikolaevich
(1818 – 1881)

Russian Emperor Alexander II in 1855. The eldest son of Nicholas I. had Carried out the abolition of serfdom and undertook a number of reforms (Zemsky, judicial, military, etc.).

In the reign of Alexander II ended with the accession of Russia the North Caucasus (1864), Kazakhstan (1865), a large part of Central Asia (1865-1881).

On the life of Alexander II were a series of assassination attempts in 1866, 1867, 1879, 1880.

On March 1, 1881 Alexander II was killed by the people.

Russia was called the Tsar-Liberator.

Empress Alexandra
Feodorovna (1798 – 1860)

Grand Duchess
Maria (1819 – 1876)

Nicholas I
(1796 – 1855)
The daughter of the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm. Married to Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich, later Emperor Nicholas I c 1(13) Jun 1817. The daughter of the Russian Emperor Nicholas I and sister of Alexander II, the Duchess of Leuchtenberg President of the Academy of arts in St. Petersburg (from 1852). Fourth son of Paul I and Maria Feodorovna. The younger brother of emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I .


Guests of Tatyana Borisovna and Alexander Mikhailovich of Potemkin was:


Vasily Andreyevich
Zhukovsky (1783 – 1852)

Russian poet, academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1841), the founder of Russian romanticism. A veteran of the war of 1812. The court (1815). The mentor of the future Emperor Alexander II (1826-1841).

The arrival of the estate Artek 6 (18) September 1837.

V. A. Zhukovsky studied Pushkin space in the Crimea.

During the trip Zhukovskiy never parted with a pencil and record. Sketches of any poet places in the Crimea made famous "Album Zhukovsky" (there are about 100 drawings).



Nikolai Borisovich
Golitsyn (1791 – 1866)
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Brother Of Tatiana B. Potemkina. Prince, musical figure, cellist, critic, poet. An admirer and advocate of the music of Ludwig van Beethoven, who dedicated to him the three string Quartet (Golitsyn).

Stay in the estate of Artek at different times from 1833 to 1853.

In 1836 Golitsyn transferred to Artek on the French language of A. S. Pushkin's poem "to Slanderers of Russia" and sent the translation to the Author. In grateful response to the letter of 10 November 1836 Pushkin called this translation the best of the 3 already made by others. He wrote : "...How I envy Your Crimean climate: Your letter has awakened in me many memories of all kinds...".